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Một số cấu trúc từ vựng

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Một số cấu trúc từ vựng – ngữ pháp trong bài nói thi B1
I, Giới thiệu các phần thi nói B1:
Part 1:
+ Giám khảo sẽ hỏi bạn một số câu hỏi về thông tin cá nhân tên, tuổi, nghề nghiệp,
những hoạt động trong tương lai hay quá khứ…
+ Thời gian khoảng 1 phút
Part 2:
+ Giám khảo đưa cho bạn và người bạn của bạn một bức tranh, đưa ra chủ đề thảo
luận và đưa ra quyết định chọn một thứ tốt nhất trong những sự lựa chọn đã cho ở
tờ tranh
+ Thời gian khoảng 2-3 phút
Part 3:
+ Giám khảo sẽ đưa cho bạn một bức tranh và đọc chủ đề, bạn mơ tả bức tranh đó
cho người bạn bên cạnh
+ Thời gian khoảng 1 phút
Part 4:
+ Giám khảo đưa ra chủ đề và hai bạn cùng hỏi trả lời về chủ đề đó thường trùng
với chủ đề phần 3
+ Thời gian 2-3 phút


II, Các chủ đề ôn tập
Clothes
Daily life
Education
Entertainment and media
Enviroment
Free time
Health, medicine and exercise
Personal indentification
Places and building


Transport
Travel and holidays
Weather
Work and job

Hobbies and leisure
House and home
Language
Natural world
People
Personal feeling, oppinion and
experiences
Relationship withother people
Services
Shoping
Social interaction
Sport

III, Một số cấu trúc câu thường sử dụng
Part 1: Giám khảo hỏi bạn một số câu hỏi:
1,What is your name?  My name is…..
2, How do you spell that?  __ __ __ __
3, What is your surname/ last name (họ)? 
4, What is your middle name?
5, Where are you from/ where do you live?  I am from Thai Nguyen province
which is located in north of Viet Nam
6, Do you work or are you a student in/ what is your job/ what do you do?
 I am a student at TN university of medicine and pharmacy. My major is
general doctor.
7, What do you do in your free time?

 In my free time I usually watching comedy film because I feel relaxed after
hard working day


8, Do you enjoy learning English? Why (not)? Do you think that English will be
useful for you in the future?
Yes. I am interested in learning EL when I was ten years old. Because I want to
communicate with foreigner as well as watch film without subtitle
In my opinion, EL is very important. I am able to find a good job with high
salary and widen my knowledge ….
9, What did you do last summer?
What did you do last weekend?
Which country do you want to come in the future?

Part 2:
Hai bạn cùng thảo luận đưa ra ý kiến với sự lựa chọn tốt nhất:nên nói đến tất cả
các sự lựa chọn và cuối cùng phải quyết định chọn 1 cái tốt nhất
Thường có 6-9 sự lựa chọn
Các chủ đề thảo luận liên quan đến:
+ places
+ presents
+ job
+ things
+ Animals
+ activities
Câu mở đầu trong đoạn hội thoại như
May/ Shall I start first? Or Let’s start with….


Thảo luận đưa ra lý do tại sao chọn hay k chọn, hỏi ý kiến của bạn có đồng ý

khơng
Lý do khơng phù hợp: về giới tính (boy, girl), age (adult, teenager), money
(expensive)
Các cấu trúc câu
+ Although + noun + is very/ really+ Adj, I think It’s not suitable for…(someone)/
interesting/fascinting
VD: Athough flowers are really good gift, I think It is not suitable for a boy
+ N/V_ing is not a good idea because it is a bit + adj
Vd: A pen is not a good idea because it is a bit normal present
Traverling by bike is not a good idea because it a bit far from here to the city
centre
+ As far as I know, N + is popular but It may be only suitable/good for….so we
shouldn’t choose it
Vd: As far as I know, chocolate is popular but it may be only suitable for teenager
so we shouldn’t choose it
+ If I were + Objective(you/him/her/them), I would never choose + N because It’s
too+ adj
It would be better to choose + N
Vd: If I were you, I would never choose a watch because it is too expensive. It
would be better to choose a book
Ghép tranh
+ Both +N1 and N2 are not a good choice because…..
Vd: Both cup and vase are not a good idea because they are easy to be broken


*-_-* đồng ý với bạn:
+ yes, I do think so
+I do think so
+I think it a good idea
+ I agree with you

*_* không đồng ý với bạn
+ I don’t think it’s a good idea
+ I disagree with you because
@@**@@@ sau khi nói hết các sự lựa chọn hãy chọn cái tốt nhất
Among of these + N/ thing + I think + A + is the best choice. Do you agree with
me?
Among all of these thing I think a camera is the best choice do you agree with me?
Yes, I agree
Sau đó nói với giám khảo sự lựa chọn của bạn:
We have just discussed and decided to choose+A+ is the best choice
!!!!NOTE!!!!
- Nếu bạn gặp một người bạn nói chung cặp ít nói hay khơng nói được thì bạn
nên đặt câu hỏi yes/no
- Bạn của bạn chỉ chọn một tranh và k nói đến tranh khác bạn nên nói: well, I
see your point, but we shouldn’t make a quick decision. Ok? What do you
think about ….
- Nếu không biết từ mới hay tên bức tranh thì chỉ trực tiếp vào tranh “this
one”


- Nhớ có câu kết luận sự lựa chọn tốt nhất
Ví dụ cụ thể


Đoạn hội thoại :
A: may I start first?
B yes, you first
A: If I were her class I would never choose a clock because it is too expensive
It would be better to choose a cooking book, what do you think about it?
B: well, it is a good idea because she loves cooking. But I think she has many the

same books. Why don’t we choose a tea set?
A: I don’t think it is a good idea. As you know, they are easy to be broken. Do you
think so?
B: yes, I do agree with you. Both a lamp and a pen are not good choice because I
think she may be has this one
A: I do think so. How about a CD?


B: In my oppinion, we don’t know what kind of music she is interested so we
shouldn’t choose it. Any way, what do you think about flowers?
A: As far as I know, Flowers is beautiful but it isn’t last long. A photo include
students in her class may be the best choice.
B: I agree because it is a meaning present and their teacher will always remember
memories about her class.
A: Among all of these things I think the photo is the best choice do you agree with
me?
B. I completely agree
A: We have just discuss and decided to choose a photo is the best choice for her
class

Part 3:
Giám khảo sẽ đưa cho bạn một bức tranh, yêu cầu bạn mô tả về bức tranh đó
Thường bạn sẽ nói trong khoảng 1 phút
Một số cấu trúc câu và cách mô tả từng phần của bức tranh
- Câu mở đầu:
+ In the picture, I can see
+ Looking at the picture I see
+ In this picture, I see
+ This picture shows ….
- Tiếp theo:

- Mô tả người trong tranh
a/an/ some/ many + adj ( midde-aged/ old-aged/ young/ lovely…) + people/
teenagers/ boy/ girl/ woman/ man/ a person.
Who is/ are + Ving or in a nice/lovely room/ …( place)
Vd: this picture shows a young girl who are reading book in a library room


+ I have + ever/ never/ usually + Vp2 + and/but/ however I find it so…
Vd: I have never played guitar however I find it so interesting (hiện tại hoàn
thành)
+) S + is /are wearing so I guess + S is/are + Ving/ (or jobs)
Look + adj
VD: She looks very young so I guess she is a student
He is wearing suit clothes so I guess he is waiter
+ in the picture I can see a girl who may be in sixteen years old. She seems
to be concentrating on her study so I guess she is a student ( she is wearing
uniform so I suppose she is a student)
- Mô tả cảnh xung quanh
+ trong nhà: there is/are …near/ nex to/ behind+S
Behind + S + I see….therefore I suppose this is a/an….
Which is so/very … elegant (trang nhã), modern, designed
comfortably
Hardly do I see a nice room like this
Such a modern room
VD: there is a bookshelf in this room therefore I suppose this is a library
which is designed suitable for many student . Hardly do I see a nice room
like this
+ ngoài trời: they are in a place which is very green/clean/lovely/peaceful
The weather is very/not very + adj, I think
+ nếu không rõ cảnh xung quanh bạn có thể nói:

It is difficult for me to say what exactly where they are/ he is beacause I
can’t see much from the background however I guess …
VD: they are in a place which is very peaceful, the light is not strong so it
suitable for them to take some photos
- Câu kết thúc mô tả tranh: one of the most interesting thig I love most in this
picture is….
VD: one of the most interesting thig I love most in this picture is the modern
restaurant. I hope one day I’ll go there to eat with my family


Ví dụ cụ thể:

Mơ tả tranh
In this picture I can see 3 people a man, a woman and a litter girl. They seem to be
really close to each other so I guess they are a family. There are many vegetables


on the table so I suppose they are preparing a meal together. In the right of the
picture is father who is slicing some carrots. In the left, mother is cooking
something and their daughter is mixing salad. It is difficult for me to say what
exactly where they are beacause I can’t see much from the background however I
guess they are in a kitchen which is designed elegant with modern furnitures.
Hardly do I see a nice room like this. One of the most interesting thing I love most
in this picture is their smile and warn family atmosphere when they make a meal
together.
Part 4: thường hai bạn cùng thảo luận về chủ đề phần 3:

Trên đây có 4 gợi ý bạn đặt câu hỏi về chủ đề nói
Đoạn hội thoại:
A: what things you would like to do at home?

B: I’d love to prepare and enjoy meal with my family at home after hardworking
day. What about you?
A: well, I love warn atmosphere when my family watching TV show together. And
what do you do when you alone?
B: actually, I want to concentrate on my study so I do my home work by myself.
And you?
A: Hardly do I study alone. I always learn with my friend.





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