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(1)SỞ GD&ĐT VĨNH PHÚC TRƯỜNG THPT LIỄN SƠN (ĐỀ LUYỆN 147). ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QUỐC GIA NĂM 2015 MÔN THI: TIẾNG ANH Thời gian: 90 phút. PHẦN TRẮC NGHIỆM: (8 điểm) Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to show the underline part that needs correction in each of the following questions Question 1: The judge asked the suspect to explain reason why he was present at the place of the crime . A B C D Question 2: A celebrity is a person who works hard to become well- known and then wears dark glasses to avoid recognized . A B C D Question 3: The airline provided food and drink with passengers during the delays. A B C D Question 4: Most of time, while I am watching TV, I will have a packet of crisps . A B C D Question 5: Our argument in favor of organic food is that its simple tastes better A B C D Mark the letter A,B,C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions. Question 6: Very _____ people went to the show but it still started on time. A.much B. few C. little D. great number Question 7: It is critical that the researcher ____ everything clearly to the participants before asking them to complete the questionaire . A. must explain B.explain C. explains D. is explained Question 8: The boy stands _____ from others because of his height. A.in B. out C. up D. for Question 9: Colour directly______ your emotions. A. affects B. senses C. fills D. moves Question 10: _______ every candidate has their own strong points. A. Much B. Many C. Most D. Almost Question 11: Lora: “_________ ” Maria: “ Anytime. I am glad you liked it.” A. Thank you for a great evening. The food was so good. B. I like your handbag. It's great. C. You have a lovely dress. D. Can you drop by tomorrow?. Question 12: Thank you for your support, which ______ me through the hard time I had last month. A. pulled B. went C. led D. jump Question 13: Steve often asks a lot of questions before expressing his _____ . A. sentences B. content C. words D. viewpoint Question 14: Once you know______a computer, you will be able to work as a secretary. A. to use B. the use of C. how to use D. use Question 15: While the proctors were delivering the test paper, the ______felt very nervous. A. applicants B. test C. examiners D. interviewees Question 16: It is just an informal meeting, so you just need to dress _____ . A. casually B. formally C. smartly D. informal Question 17: After you have finished the installation, you should restart the computer to get it______ to the new program. A. acquainted B. familiar C. similar D. interesting Question 18: ______ hands is a popular gesture at business meetings. A. Shaking B. Moving C. Holding D. Touching Question 19: The secretary________to the manager for the mistakes in her report. A. apologized B. talked C. complained D. said Question 20: Many people are not grateful as they tend to take everything ________. A. for fun B. for free C. for good D. for granted Question 21: Drought________ deforestation more costly but less effective. A. forces B. makes C. is D. leads to Question 22: I will pass your place anyway, so let me give you a ______ . A. lift B. elevator C. move D. rain check Question 23: Unfortunately, the postman _______ to find the address shown on the envelope.. A. failed B. denied C. requested D. pleased.
(2) Read the following passage on social issues in American schools, and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks from 24 to 33. Ever since humans have inhabited the earth, they have made (24) ____ of various forms of communication. Generally, this expression of thoughts and feelings has been in the form of oral (25) ___. When there is a language (26) ____, communication is accomplished through sign language in which motions (27)___ for letters, words, and ideas. Tourists, the deaf, and the mute have had to (28) ______ to this form of expression. Many of these symbols of whole words are very picturesque and exact and can be used internationally; spelling, however, cannot. Body language (29) ______ ideas or thoughts by certain actions, either intentionally or unintentionally. A wink can be a way of flirting or indicating that the party is only joking. A nod (30)____ approval, while shaking the head (31)___ a negative reaction. Other form of nonlinguistic language can be (32)____ in Braille (a system of raised dots read with the fingertips), signal flags, Morse code, and smoke signals. Road maps and picture signs also guide, warn, and instruct people. (33)____ verbalization is the most common form of language, other systems and techniques also express human thoughts and feelings. Question 24:A. usage B. use C. employment D. utility Question 25:A. address B. speech C. utterances D. claims Question 26:A. barrier B. obstacles C. divisions D. separation Question 27:A. point B. signify C. imply D. stand Question 28:A. refer B. rotate C. resort D. revolve Question 29:A. progresses B. transmits C. remits D. emits Question 30: A. signifies B. signs C. registers D. presents Question 31: A. predicates B. indicates C. abdicates D. implicates Question 32:A. traced B. trailed C. found D. explored Question 33:A. While B. As C. Because D. Until Read the following passage on transport, and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the question from 34 to 43. In the 1960s, the World Health Organization(WHO) began a campaign te eradicate the mosquitoes that transmit the disease malaria. It was a noble goal, since malaria kills an estimated 3 million people each year in the world's tropical regions, predominantly southern Africa, WHO led an effort to spray the mosquitoes' habitat with a chemical pesticide- a poison used to kill insects- called DDT. Early results were promising, and the mosquito was eliminated from the edge of its native range. The effort soon faltered, however, and the eradication was dropped. How could tiny mosquitoes thwart the best efforts of a large group of wellfunded scientists. Situations like this one have occurred dozens of times in the last several decades. In a common scenario, whenever a new type of pesticide is used to control agricultural pest, the early results are encouraging. A relatively small amount of the poison dusted onto a crop may kill 99% of the insects. However, the relatively few survivors of the first pesticides wave are insects with genes that somehow enable them to resist the chemical attack. The poison kills most members of the insect population, leaving only the resistant individuals to reproduce. And when they do, their offspring inherit the genes for pesticide resistance. In each generation, the proportion of pesticide- resistant individuals in the insect population increases, making subsequent sprayings less and less effective. Since the widespread use of chemical pesticides began in the 1940s, scientists have documented pesticide resistance in more than 500 species of insects. The problems such insects pose-through their impact on agriculture and medicine- are just some of the many ways that evolution has a direct connection to our daily lives. Everywhere, all the time, populations of organisms are fine tuning adaptions to local environments through the evolutionary process of natural selection. Given the dynamics of the Earth and its life, it is not surprising that even the kinds of organisms on the planet- the species- have changed over the time. Question 34: The word "eradicate" in the first paragraph could be best replaced by_______ A. pass on B. kill off C. find out D. increase Question 35: The phrase "an estimated 3 million people" is closest in meaning to_______ A. nearly 3 million people B. about 3 million people C. over 3 million people D. 3 million people to be exact Question 36: A tiny mosquito thwarted the best efforts of a large group of scientists_______ A. with little money B. with lots of money.C. with lots of experience D. with modern facilities.
(3) Question 37: The increase of pesticide-resistant insects________. A. makes later sprayings more expensive B. makes it more convenient for future sprayings C. makes later sprayings less effective. D. makes subsequent sprayings impossible Question 38: Relatively few insects have genes that________. A. make them vulnerable B. enable them to attack the pesticide C. prevent them from resisting the chemical attack D. allow them to survive the pesticide Question 39: The word "documented" in the third paragraph means_______ A. recorded B. noticed C. viewed D. reviewed Question 40: According to the passage, the problems caused by insects show_______. A. their influence on agriculture and medicine B. the direct link between evolution and our life C. fine adaptions to local environments D. their impact on environment Question 41: Natural selection________. A. allows living objects to adapt to environment B. processes the environment. C. evolves the environment D. is dynamic Question 42: The author finds the change of species on the planet_______. A. surprising B. understandable C. dynamic D. interesting Question 43: The passage was written most probably to_______. A. review the development of pesticides B. shows the dynamics of nature through persistent pests C. provide evidence about the pesticide resistance of insects D. warn readers against the pesticide resistance of insects Read the following passage on architecture by Lawrence B. Anderson, and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 44 to 53. Lighthouses are towers with strong lights that help mariners plot their position, inform them that land is near, and warn them of dangerous rocks and reefs. They are placed at prominent points on the coast and on islands, reefs, and sandbars. Every lighthouse has a distinctive pattern of light known as its characteristic. There are five basic characteristics: fixed, flashing, occulting, group flashing, and group occulting. A fixed signal is a steady beam. A flashing signal has periods of darkness longer than periods of light, while an occulting signal’s periods of light are longer. A group- flashing light gives off two or more flashes at regular intervals, and a group – occulting signal consists of a fixed light with two or more periods of darkness at regular intervals. Some lighthouses use lights of different colors as well, and today, most lighthouses are also equipped with radio beacons. The three types of apparatus used to produce the signals are the catoptric, in which metal is used to reflect the light; the dioptric, in which glass is used; and the catadioptric, in which both glass and metal are used. In the daytime, lighthouses can usually be identified by their structure alone. The most typical structure is a tower tapering at the top, but some, such as the Bastion Lighthouse on the Saint Lawrence River, are shaped like pyramids, and others, such as the Race Rock light, look like wooden houses sitting on high platforms. Still others, such as The American Shoal lighthouse off the Florida Coast, are skeletal towers of steel. Where lighthouses might be confused in daylight, they can be distinguished by day- marker patterns – designed of checks and stripes painted in vivid colors on lighthouse walls. In the past, the job of lighthouse keeper was lonely and difficult if somewhat romantic. Lighthouse keepers put in hours of tedious work maintaining the lights. Today, lighthouses are almost entirely automated with humans supplying only occasional maintenance. Because of improvements in navigational technology, the importance of lighthouses has diminished. There are only about 340 functioning lighthouses in existence in the United States today, compared to about 1,500 in 1900, and there are only about 1,400 functioning lighthouses outside the United States. Some decommissioned lighthouses have been preserved as historical monument. Question 44: Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage as one of the functions of lighthouses? A. To help sailors determine their location B. To warn of danger from rocks and reefs C. To notify sailors that bad weather is approaching D. To indicate that land is near Question 45: The word “prominent” is closest in meaning to_______. A. dangerous B. conspicuous C. picturesque D. famous Question 46: In the context of this passage, the author uses the term “characteristic” to refer to a _______..
(4) A. period of darkness B. person who operates a lighthouse C. pattern painted on a lighthouse D. distinctive light signal Question 47: According to the passage, what kind of signal has long periods of light that are regularly broken by two or more periods of darkness? A. Flashing B. Group occulting C. occulting D. Group flashing Question 48: According to the passage, a catoptric apparatus is one that uses _______. A. lights of various colors B. metal C. glass D. a radio beacon Question 49: For which of the following does the author NOT provide a scientific example in the third paragraph? A. A lighthouse shaped like a pyramid B. A lighthouse made of steel C. A lighthouse with day-marker patterns D. A lighthouse that resembles a house on a platform Question 50: The word “tapering” is closest in meaning to which of the following? A. Soaring B. Narrowing C. Opening D. Rotating Question 51: It can be concluded from the passage that lighthouses with day- marker patterns would most likely be found in areas where_______. A. the weather is frequently bad B. the structure themselves cannot be easily seen by passing mariners C. there are not many lighthouses D. there are a number of lighthouses with similar structures Question 52: The author implies that, compared to those of the past, contemporary lighthouses ______. A. employ more powerful lights B. require less maintenance C. are more difficult to operate D. are more romantic Question 53: There is information in the fourth paragraph to support which of these statements? A. There are more lighthouses in the United States now than there were in 1900. B. There are more lighthouses in the United States today than in any other single country. C. There are more functioning lighthouses in the United States today than there are lighthouses preserved as historical monuments. D. There were more lighthouses in the United States in 1900 than there are elsewhere in the world today. Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions. Question 54: As an executive director of a big company, she is a woman of extraordinary intelligence. A.remarkable B. moderate C. little D. sufficient Question 55: We have been out of touch him since he moved to London. A. kept contact with B. made a call to C. contacted with D.written to Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions. Question 56: A. advantage B. authority C. government D. intention Question 57: A. necessary B. intelligent C. beautiful D. practical Which underlined part is pronounced differently? Question 58: A. introduce B. promise C. bother D. popular Question 59: A. arrange B. paper C. say D. stand Question 60: A. looked B. smiled C. stayed D. listened Mark the letter A, B , C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is CLOSEST in meaning to each of the following questions. Question 61: Bill reckoned that his success was due to incredible luck. A. Bill put his success down to incredible luck. B. Although Bill was not lucky, he was successful. C. Bill said that it was not because of luck that he was successful. D. Bill looked his success down to incredible luck. Question 62: They didn't punish Karen, only gave her a warning. A. Karen got off with a warning. B. Karen got on with a warning. C. Karen got down with a warning. D. Karen got along with a warning. Question 63: Janet persuaded me not to sell my house. A. Janet talked me out of selling my house. B. Janet talked me into selling my house. C. Janet got me into selling my house. D. Janet put me into selling my house. Question 64: Brian takes off the French teacher really well. A. Brian does well in the French class. B. Brian enjoys the French class very much. C. Brian gets on well with the French teacher..
(5) D. Brian does a very good imitation of the French teacher. PHẦN TỰ LUẬN: (2 điểm) I. Rewrite each of the following sentences in such a way that the original meaning is exactly the same as the provided one. 1. The decorators have finished our first floor. We have _________________________________________ 2. Her hobby is one thing that she does not intend to give up. She has _________________________________________ 3. That is the best meal I have ever eaten. I have never _________________________________________ 4. Home computers used to be much more expensive. Home computers aren’t_________________________________________ 5. It was a mistake of mine to park outside the police station. I shouldn’t_________________________________________ II. Topic: Good neighbors are as good as relatives. What do you think about this? Neighbors are the people who live near us, and their behavior influence our daily life. Good neighbors can make us feel comfortable and give us many help, and everyone will benefit from a good relationship among neighbors. In my point of view, these are three conspicuous aspects of the qualities of a good neighbors. One of the most important characteristic of good neighbors is that they have a good living habit and are friendly to others. A person with bad habit will affect your daily life. For example, children are most likely to be influenced by bad neighbors and carry on bad habits. On the other hand, being friendly is also an important nature of good neighbors. If neighbors are unfriendly, they are hard to approach and difficult to get along with. Another important aspect of good neighbors is that they should be willing to help others. In our daily life, emergency situations may happen, and we may encounter difficulties which cannot be resolved by ourselves. At this time, the quickest help we can get is probably from our neighbors. To some degree, neighbors are as important as relatives to us, because they could provide the immediate help. In the same way, a neighbor who likes to help others will get help in return. Help each others can form a friendly and harmonious relationship among the neighbors. All in all, a good neighbor is someone who have a good living habit, is friendly and is willing to help others. Taking into account of all these factors, we may reach the conclusion that a good relationship among neighbors need the maintenance from us. -------------THE END---------------.